Ethics and Reproductive Technology Essay
863 Words4 Pages
Ethics and Reproductive Technology
Reproductive technology has come a long way in the last twenty years and continues to make expansive advances. The question "where do babies come from" is becoming harder and harder to answer. The response used to sound something like "when a man and a woman love each other very much…" now with in vitro fertilization, fertility drugs, and sperm/egg donors as well as future advances the answer will take on a new twist "…they go to see a doctor and look through a catalog to pick what kind of baby they want." That is already true to some degree today. If a man or a woman is infertile they can look for sperm or egg donors, try fertility drugs or use in vitro fertilization to bring…show more content…
New technological advances will lead to more exorbitant fees, which will in turn cause a reduction in the amount and types of people that can afford these new procedures. Will future generations of natural births then be lorded over by a genetically enhanced master class? Will these future "perfect people" segregate themselves from the flawed human class of today? Will they be at an advantage in the society? Another moral and social problem that arises from this genetic donation is the loss of the ability to trace genetic lines. If a man gives a sperm sample about three times a week, and each donation is split up into three samples, he has the potential to father a dozen children in one week alone. If this matter is shipped all over the country between different sperm banks how can we keep up who is from what genetic descent? This can quite possibly lead to inner familial (in the genetic sense) marriages, causing many genetic defects in future generations. These new technological advances can actually hinder the human race.
With the completion of the Human Genome Project rapidly approaching, the scenario becomes even more farfetched. Don't want your child to need braces? Why then you can just pull out the gene for crooked teeth and replace it with the gene for a perfect smile. Does diabetes run in your family? Well then just check out your unborn child is a carrier for the disease and remove the gene
Assisted Reproductive Technology Essay
24 March 2014
Assisted Reproductive Technology
Fertility is the ability to reproduce, having children. Every human being begins life as a fertilized egg, the result of the combination of the male sperm and female egg. But despite that nature gave us all humans this ability, often there are natural obstacles that prevent us from conceiving. In more than 10% of all infertile couples, there is no reason for the infertility, and approximately 5 % of cases, the problem seems to disappear on its own. Often, an infertile couple finds that the mere fact of exposing the problem to a fertility specialist psychological stress relaxes to obstacles. Only 35 % of apparently infertile couples cannot conceive a child, they are sterile incurable.
When a girl is born has about 400,000 eggs in her ovaries. The number decreases to about 10,000 to stay in puberty, when the body of a girl is ready for playback. Only about 400 eggs fail to develop fully. In adulthood, one egg matures each month one of the ovaries and released. This is called ovulation. If a sperm into the uterus and it is fused with the egg, it is said that the egg has been fertilized. Fertilization the human embryo is a new life. An adult male produces about 250 million sperm a day in his testicles. "Sperm are tiny cells in a manner similar to a tadpole, which ejaculate and introduced into the vagina in women during intercourse" (Ranucci, 18). A man can produce up to 70 or more years old.
The most common causes of male infertility are unable to produce sperm, or not producing the number of them is normal and active enough to swim towards the egg, through its outer surface and combined with it. Even in fertile men, maybe even 40 percent of the sperm may be abnormal. A count of zero or very few sperm may be the result of a blockage in the tubes that carry sperm to the penis, or a defect in the testes or the hormonal system that stimulates the production of sperm. "Some medicines or radiation treatments, as in the case of cancer, can also reduce sperm count or kill them" (Pellicer, Assisted Reproduction in Spain). Ill with mumps in adulthood may be another cause of male infertility.
Sperm production is very sensitive to temperature, and low sperm count can be the result of excessive wear very thick clothes or tight underwear, which holds the testicles too hot. Sitting too long can also have a similar effect. Those who may be affected thereby are truckers, taxi drivers and which are necessarily subject to a table because of their work. In general, men can be the cause of infertility as much as women.
There are many reasons why women may be unable to have children. It is possible that your ovaries do not release eggs or do not ovulate regularly,...
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