End of Race
...tracing their origin to countries such as Japan, England, or even China often consider themselves to be superior compared to other people. In spite the fact that there are interracial marriages in Hawaii, there still exist boundaries between races. Polynesians who are the original inhabitants of the islands lives below poverty level, majority of them are unemployed, and they are the people with the most health problems. Finally, Polynesians who are Natives of Hawaii are still striving to be recognized as an independent state just like the Indian tribes of America. In this chapter, Steve gives a chronological account of the similarities and dissimilarities among different races and ethnicity. He applies the concept of frequencies of mutations in genetics particularly of mitochondria, evident migration between different continents, and mixed populations with mixed races that always target the Hawaii state of America. It is because of this that even the scientists are not capable of ascertaining a true Native of Hawaii scientifically since most of the habitants of Hawaii are not true descendants of the first people who occupied the Islands of Hawaii, the Polynesians. In addition, Hawaii, the correlation existing between biology and ethnicity or race is extremely slight, particularly because peoples self-identify themselves in terms of ethnicity not only has a bases on their ancestors but on the prospective groups, they wish to belong. Consequently, any notion such as native of......
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...Race For centuries and centuries, people have needed to categorize things to make them more real and palpable. That is why they categorized food, animals, plants and so many other things. Why would we not also classify humans according to different physical or cultural traits ? A lot of anthropologists have made different classifications to try and make people more comfortable with such big diversity in the world. People choose to agree or disagree with anthropological theories. To perfectly understand this topic, we need to have a deeper look at how anthropologists explain the concept of race. Then I will develop why I believe anthropologists have contributed to a better understanding of the issue. And in a last part how my understanding of the issue improved. The main work of an anthropologist is to analyse the world around them. The easiest way to do this is to travel and to be a full member of a community. In some cases, however they do not need to go away from their home to discover different cultures (Metcalf 2005, p. 1). In today's multicultural world, people are coming from everywhere in the world and thereby giving the country an opportunity to make it more culturally diverse. We do not live in a fairy tale world and the concept of race established by people over centuries remains in many ways. Many anthropologists believe that the first idea of race was established by the Europeans' settlement in America during the 17th century. At this time Europeans......
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... sudden a loud pop disturbed the smooth roar of my engine. Halfway down the track my engine shut off and forced me to coast the car to the finish line. My teammates were already waiting at the end of the drag strip. Unable to restart my car, we pushed it back to our pit area. My hopes were crushed as I went over the fact that my day of racing was already over. Drag racing is a big part of my life. All of my spare time is spent working on my 1996 Honda Accord. With a big import drag racing approaching quickly, I spent most of my waking hours for a week tuning my car. Sweat and hours of hard work finally prepared my car for racing. The interior was stripped down to the sheet metal and contained only the driver's seat to reduce weight. The whole exhaust system was removed to gain that little edge of power, which is essential for racing. My car was finally race ready, waiting to tear up the track. The following day, our race team met up at the track. In the pit area, we changed out our street tires for high performance drag slicks. After a few more last minute adjustments, I pulled into the staging lane and waited for my turn to race. Little did I know that my first race would end up in disaster, a blown engine. All of the hard work and dedication towards my car seemed to be a futile effort because of the bad results. After we pushed my car back to the pit......
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...The End by Charles Olaleye It was January 1st 2015 when millions of people were shocked to hear about the death of Harry Styles. Police found him dead in the kitchen of his house. There was no murder weapon found on the scene of the death. When other members of One Direction were asked about the death of their former friend. They said they knew nothing of what could have happened to him. They said “he seemed like totally fine” What they did know was that he said he had to meet someone in a cemetery 10 minutes before he died. No one knows if that could have been the reason of his death. One month later police think they have a lead on the semi-recent shocking death of Harry Styles. A knife was found next to the dead body of Harry Styles. His body for some reason was found next to a tombstone that said Niall Horan on it. A little weird? The knife had no fingerprints on it and the body had no blood on it and looked completely fine. Then what could have caused this mysterious death? The grave under the tombstone that said Niall Horan on it was dug up by investigators and another clue was found. A hammer was inside the grave with a dent on it and the initials Z.M which could have stood for Zayn Malik. No one knows why that would be. Two months after the death of Harry Styles investigators have another lead on the investigation. Behind the tombstone that had the name Niall Horan on it was a gun that had the name Liam Payne on it ironically. Investigators asked Liam if......
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...Teresita Dowd RACE The meanings and expectations a society creates and attaches to groups based on perceived “Important differences” is defined as Race. Race is a thing that society has created as an identifying characteristic that is important in classifying people in negative or positive ways. Race is a concept that people have created which began as an idea, became a thing, and was deemed as important and accordingly impacted our beliefs and actions in enormous ways; thus, it is constructed socially. Race although it is made up by society is still important in the way that we attach meanings and expectations to the different members of society. Race, while made up, is still important in the way that we attach meanings and expectations to the members of different race groups in society. Every society constructs race differently and as time moves forward ideas about race change and evolve. In today’s world, racial stratification is based on the physical characteristic of skin color. This racial stratification helps decide your access to resources for certain racial groups, and raises a person’s risk of having or not having things solely based on the color of the skin that they are born into.(Student Work 75) These differences are only as important as society elects them to be, and there are no deep rooted advantages or disadvantages to having any of these characteristics except those that society has created. In American society, being White is conceived as being......
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...What is race? Common responses in the Sociology 222 class were, 'race is something we are born with' and 'race is the same as skin colour'. When looking at these statements from a Sociological perspective, we have to ask ourselves a few relevant questions. Why are sociologists critical of the above statements? How do research writers challenge ideas about social construction and institutionalisation of race under apartheid and colonialism? This essay is going to discuss a number of readings in order to answer the above questions. This essay will also look at the relevance of the Jane Elliot experiment for thinking about, and understanding of race as a social construction. Lastly, this essay will discuss what we can learn about the dynamics of apartheid from the experiences of Sandra Laing in the film 'Skin'. In conclusion this essay will evaluate the various opinions and research done on the matter of race, and how race is socially constructed. Firstly, we have to look at how and why sociologists are critical of race as a biological phenomenon. Race is widely discussed and debated all over the world. The main sociological focus is the effects of social race and how race is used to categorize people into groups. When we look back in history, we see that race was seen as a biological factor for many centuries. When explorers from Europe in the New World discovered people who looked different, raised questions such as ‘Did God only make one species of humanity?’ and......
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...false. Just like my pastor and leaders want to reach the unsaved and confused but at the end of the day they just want to win souls over for Christ. Some believe they are against having a good time going to parties, dancing, drinking alcohol, but that’s not true just like everybody else they believe in moderation is the key so actually their beliefs aren’t that different from mine. I definitely have a better insight on the Jehovah Witness religion. I am African American and I chose to view hispanic or Latino racial and or ethnic group. I don’t know very much about the culture I will admit but i’m interested in learning Spanish!Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States.As of 2012, Hispanics constitute 17% of the United States population, or 53 million people. This figure includes 38 million Hispanophone Americans, making the US home to the largest community of Spanish speakers outside of Mexico, having surpassed Argentina, Colombia, and Spain within the last decade. This information was provided by the Latino and national origin in 2010. Latinos overall are the second largest ethnic group in the United States, after non-Hispanic Whites. Both terms Hispanic and Latino are not a race, but instead are an ethnicity, sharing a common culture, history, language, and heritage. I believe people get that confused because I know I did. For example I am black which is my race but I am also African American which is my ethnicity; also I am not the same as......
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The End of Race
...Lama, had an interesting discussion about the human race, where they both expressed a valid concern about its genetic future. However, they used two different approaches to prove their theories. The Dalai Lama, in 2005, wrote the book, The Universe in a Single Atom. In his chapter “Ethics and the New Genetics” Gyatso focuses on the benefits of genetic engineering and its enormous potential, while warning us of its harmful consequences. In contrast, but yet pursuing the same point, Steve Olson in his book “Mapping Human History” (2002) and the chapter “The End of Race: Hawaii and the Mixing of Peoples” traces the differences and similarities between people of various races and ethnicity. He uses the frequencies of genetic mutations in the mitochondria, migration from one continent to another and racially mixed populations where the target is the mostly American state of Hawaii. Should the world be concerned about the end of singular genetic ethnicity of each race? And is it going to happen? Race most likely will disappear as we now know. It seems to have been defined as two general groups-white and black, distinct from one another by only color of complexion. The white race will not be truly white, the black race will not be truly black, and the brown, yellow and red races will not be truly genetically ethnic either. What does race actually mean? According to Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, the definition of race is “one of the main groups that humans can be......
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...ensure investment would be of a profitable enterprise6. Rothschild’s importance was not that of a mere fiscal nature; it should not be forgotten that Rothschild was head of one of the most successful financing firms in the world, and having invested over a million pounds in Rhodes’ company, Rothschild would not have been hesitant to push forward financial advice in order to ensure corporate success. It can easily be said that without the financial assistance of Rothschild, the amalgamation process would in all likelihood not have occurred; or if it had, Kimberley Central would have become the company with a monopolistic stronghold on diamond mining in the area, leaving Rhodes out of the picture. However Rothschild business with Rhodes did not end at consolidation of mines in Kimberley. A promising article by Hamilton Smith of the Exploration Company7 (initially a Rothschild founded and funded company)8 outlined the prevalence of gold in the Witwatersrand area. Having already set up business with Rhodes and gold mining in the Witwatersrand, Rothschild issued the South African Republic a £2.5 million government bond for the construction of ‘Railways… and other Public Works within the state’9. However the loan was primarily for the construction of railways, specifically the Delagoa-Railway ‘as a means to facilitate deep-level mining in the Transvaal’10. Rhodes was no stranger to the loan and was indeed in support of it, affirming his expansionist intentions to Rothschild in......
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...http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/lesson-of-a-lifetime-72754306/?no-ist This great film by Anthony Fabian tells this story through the eyes of a happy girl who grows into an outsider. This isn't one of those potted stories of uplift and doesn't end quite the way we expect, although we do get to see the real Sandra Laing right at the end." Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun Times "Of the innumerable, untold family tragedies that followed the imposition of the racist restrictions of the apartheid regime, the story of Sandra Laing is one of the most devastating. Skin tells her story with deep compassion and, for all its starkness and tragedy, it is a work of great beauty and inspiration." Barry Ronge, The Sunday Times (South Africa) "The journey to racial tolerance, which some people take for granted, has not been easy and over the years many people have struggled with the idea of accepting others as equals. It is within this context that all South Africans should be happy that a movie has been made that tells this story of race and racial tolerance which, thankfully, is slowly taking root in our society ." Edward Tsumele , The Sowetan, South Africa "The English actress Sophie Okonedo plays Sandra from age 17 to recent times. She takes her from shy kid to young mother to mature woman, through an amazing series of travails. At each turn, things become both more absurd and more tragic. Fabian has done a superb job. It's a scarifying, haunting film; Laing's story is......
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In the End...
...Djenaba O’Connor Potter STS-900 20 April 2015 In The End… In the Heaven Scenario, all life on Earth will be subject to what technology wants to happen to it. Technology has progressed to the point of total control, but there is nothing to worry about. The technology is safe and everyone loves it. They use it to focus on the beauty and culture and the other fine things in life. Ideas that weren’t possible have come to existence. In the Hell Scenario, the technology that was supposed to safe us ends up condemning us. We will fight with one another, nation against nation, to gain control of the fast growing power of the technologies we built. But we will be so helpless, no type of agreement can be reached. Just like in the Heaven Scenario, things that were impossible before will come to pass. Only this time, they will be horrid things. In the Prevail Scenario, we humans begin to slowly take back the world we created for ourselves. Though technology will always be a part of who we are, what we do, and how we do it, we will control the technology. Not the other way around. As James Lanier put it, “Humans have an uncanny history of muddling through.” In other words, we will find a way to become relevant once more. We will find a way to come back from the corner we let technology back us into, and we will come out strong on the other side. No, it will not be easy, but it can be done. I am very much a people person and do not care so much for the many technological......
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Do You Think It Is Possible to End Extreme Poverty in the Next 30 Years?
...It is possible to end extreme poverty in the next 30 years. As a single mother of two boys, ages 6 and 4; having had several swings in employment and letting an entrepreneurial pursuit take off, life could take a toll if one would not step back, take a deep breath and write down the challenge and address possible solutions. When I was placed in custody for close to two months for an allegation that I passed on an insufficient check, I pointed out during hearing that the signature was not mine, rationalizing,” if I handed the check, my driver’s license should have been there, but look at your file, it’s a man’s ID. Look at the “P” stroke; doesn’t it match with that in the signature in the driver’s license? “The Prosecutor says, “Uh, I don’t know. I’m not a signature specialist.” After going through 6 months of completing the fraud packet and forensics investigation of the signature analysis, the case was dismissed. For the meantime, one would probably think I went rock bottom. It was a challenge finding employment with the background check and disclosures one has to make. As I meditated and applied the mind development technique I have learned through the years, I decided to weed out the negativity and attract the goodness. I accept the hardships in life and the opportunities to make me a stronger, empowered creature of God so I can be a model in His image and likeness. From the unemployment bureau to the Department of Social Services, I sought help. I volunteered for the......
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End of Race-Is It Possible
...Messinger ENC 1101 4 June 2011 End of Race-Is it Possible? Steve Olsen and Tenzin Gyatso, the fourteenth Dalai Lama, had an interesting discussion about the human race, where they both expressed a valid concern about its genetic future. However, they used two different approaches to prove their theories. The Dalai Lama, in 2005, wrote the book, The Universe in a Single Atom. In his chapter “Ethics and the New Genetics” Gyatso focuses on the benefits of genetic engineering and its enormous potential, while warning us of its harmful consequences. In contrast, but yet pursuing the same point, Steve Olson in his book “Mapping Human History” (2002) and the chapter “The End of Race: Hawaii and the Mixing of Peoples” traces the differences and similarities between people of various races and ethnicity. He uses the frequencies of genetic mutations in the mitochondria, migration from one continent to another and racially mixed populations where the target is the mostly American state of Hawaii. Should the world be concerned about the end of singular genetic ethnicity of each race? And is it going to happen? Race most likely will disappear as we now know. It seems to have been defined as two general groups-white and black, distinct from one another by only color of complexion. The white race will not be truly white, the black race will not be truly black, and the brown, yellow and red races will not be truly genetically ethnic either. What does race actually mean? According to......
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The Arms Race
... The Arms Race Arsenal A-Bomb (US 1945, USSR 1949) H-Bomb (US 1952, USSR 1953) ICBM (US 1957, USSR 1958) 1957 : USSR launch first satellite “Sputnik”into space. “Missile Gap” paranoia in USA ABM (Anti-Ballistic Missiles intercept & destroy nukes in theory)(USSR 1968, USA 1972) MIRV (USA 1970, USSR 1975) -Stockpiling of nuclear weapons seen as necessary by both parties -Technological advances made both USA & USSR feel vulnerable -Secrecy, need to catch up or to be one step ahead = fuelled arms race -This (building increasingly powerful & sophisticated weapons) continued until 1980s Key Ideas : Nuclear weapons have crucial impact on US foreign policy during Cold War : -gave rise to arms race (essential feature of CW, maintains CW hostility) -revolutionized military strategy -imposed great economic strain (hence end of CW? Debatable) Brodie (1946) “The Absolute Weapon” Main idea : before nukes the purpose of military = win wars after nukes the purpose of military = avoid wars Military victory in total war impossible for either side US Presidents develop different strategies on what to do with their nuclear arsenal Eisenhower & “Massive Retaliation” = the US will use every weapon if attacked, despite the consequences = the threat of an all-out nuclear war used to make sure it wouldn’t happen ? Kennedy & “Flexible Response” =exploring wider options beyond military forces Sec of State McNamara’s belief in possibility of limited, controlled and rational ...
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...Professor Cedillo Sociology 100 2015 October 23 Race Race is defined as a category or group of people having hereditary traits that set them apart. While race revolves around the idea of biological traits, ethnicity is based on a shared cultural heritage. Sociologists and other social scientists believe that race is a socially constructed concept. It is an idea that was created in society to justify inequality. One way that race perpetuates itself in society is through stereotypes. A stereotype is an oversimplified set of beliefs about people from a certain group in society. There are numerous stereotypes for people of all racial and ethnic categories. While most of these stereotypes are negative, the stereotypes for some groups are much more damaging than others. For instance, whites have always been stereotyped as being racist, greedy, and bad dancers. Compare this to some of the more damaging stereotypes of African Americans which include uneducated, violent, and unemployable. Clearly, these stereotypes are much more damaging. Nina Revoyr’s novel, Southland, provides a glimpse into the injustice, scandal, and struggle in Los Angeles from the 1940s to the 1990s due to its racial composition. The novel contains a unique cast of characters who, although often times interact with conflict, are forced to live side-by-side one another in their separate attempts to attain the American Dream. Southland proves to be a story that illustrates how ethnic, racial,......
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The Black Lives Matter movement continues to be an active and relevant force and one certainly worth teaching. The saturation of violence against black people in this country demands careful thought and consideration. Several essays inEmerging can offer you and your students tools for thinking about this campaign.
Kwame Anthony Appiah, “Making Conversation and The Primacy of Practice.” In the first part of this selection Appiah makes it clear that cosmopolitanism is as much a problem as a solution. That is, the answer is not just “let’s all get along.” Instead, that we live in an interconnected world demands that we pay careful attention to how to get along. The second part of this selection is also useful since it is about the processes of social change in relation to values. Appiah, then, can offer students strategies for thinking about how to achieve the change imagined by Black Lives Matter and also can help them evaluate the movement as it exists today.
Francis Fukuyama, “Human Dignity.” Human dignity is in some ways central to the concerns of Black Lives Matter. Why is it that black lives seem to be less valued? What are the consequences when any human is denied a basic level of dignity? Fukuyama’s dense text offers students complex theoretical grounds for examining social violence in relation to human rights.
Malcolm Gladwell, “Small Change.” Gladwell’s essay is perhaps particularly apropos to the Black Lives Matter movement. Gladwell looks at the relation between social media and social change by drawing from the lessons of the civil rights movement. His arguments about the kinds of connections necessary for real social change are perfect for thinking about this campaign and how to realize its goals.
Steve Olson, “The End of Race: Hawaii and the Mixing of Peoples.” Olson’s essay makes it clear that there is no longer any biological basis to race. He also hints at some of the reasons that race nevertheless persists (and powerfully so).
Leslie Savan, “What's Black, Then White, and Said All Over?” Savan’s essay offers a larger context for violence against black people by examining the pop cultural appropriation of black langue. Her essay can offer students a broader context for looking at the ways that black lives and culture are devalued.
Peter Singer, “Visible Man: Ethics in a World Without Secrets.” Singer suggests that a world saturated in surveillance may allow us to watch the watchers. Given Singer’s example of the Rodney King beating, and given the role that video has played in many recent case of violence against black people, Singer perhaps offers students tools to think about how technology can combat this racial violence.
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