Weapons In World War 1 Essays

Weapons Of World War 2 Essay

As the world went into World War One, it faced new technological advances that

turned the view of battle forever. With the invention of many new killing machines,

soldiers were now in the deadliest battlefields ever. From artillery blasts to machine gun

fire, from air power to biological and weapons of mass destruction, the outcome of World

War One would be deadly. It would be the first war to be the greatest motivator for

technology at the beginning of the century.


Rifles and Pistols

One of the most important and common weapons was of course the Rifle and

Pistol. Rifles and pistols were large and significant part of the war. They were more

accurate and powerful and allowed the men to hit a target from further away with a better

chance of hitting where they aimed. Almost all infantry and officers in World War One

carried a rifle, pistol or both. Nearly all infantrymen in the First World War used bolt

action rifles.

The American rifle used in World War One was the Springfield. The bolt-action

magazine rifle was used by the United States Army during the First World War. The

M1903 rifle remained the US standard rifle until 1936. Because of production problems

with the M1A1, it was also used during the Second World War. Snipers also preferred

using the Springfield rifle all the way through the Korean War. A faithful pistol for the

Americans was the Colt .45, Model 1911. Throughout American history, Colt pistols

have been the standard-issue handgun used in combat from 1911 to 1985. Colt pistols

were in the hands of brave, WWI, WWII, Korean and Vietnam American soldiers. The

Model 1911 has a 5" barrel with 7-round magazine.

The Karabiner 98k was a German rifle introduced into service in 1898. It was the

primary German infantry rifle in both world wars, and was known for its excellent

accuracy and range of 800 meters. For this reason it continued to be used with a scope as

a sniper rifle. The 98k had disadvantages like being bulky and heavy and slow rate of

fire, due to the bolt-action mechanism. It was also designed to be used with a bayonet.

The 98K rifle holds five rounds of 7.9mm in a clip. The Luger was the standard German

pistol. Developed by George Luger, it became the world's most widely used military

handgun. The Luger fired a 7-round clip of 9mm ammunition. It is estimated that 1.5

million Lugers were produced in Germany during the First World War.

The Lee-Enfield was first rifle introduced in 1907 and by the beginning
of the First

World War as the British Army's main infantry weapon. The Lee-Enfield could be aimed

accurately over about 600 meters but could still kill someone over 1,400 metros away.

Later on, it would be designed to be used with a bayonet. The British pistol, actually

more of a revolver was the Webley MkIV....

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The Weapons And Technology Of World War One

The Weapons and Technology of World War One

World War One brought about many new weapons and advancements in
technology on both sides. Both took huge steps towards modern
technology and these carried on even after the war had begun. Yet
these weapons could not be of much advantage to one side for very
long, because the other side immediately researched every new weapon
introduced when it was found out. So whilst one side would be
developing something new the other would be playing catch up or
possibly coming in from another angle.

These advancements were made on all sides of the war; the air, the
ground, and the sea, although I shall mainly be looking at the changes
on the ground. Apart from the new weapons, the new defence mechanisms
that were introduced shall be looked at as well: The most profound
being the Gas Mask, which was developed soon after the introduction of
the gas itself in 1915. But also other less well-known defence
equipment such as the Steel helmet will be looked at also.

The weapons brought about during the time of World War One have
completely changed war and fighting forever, but then the defence
brought in as well has blocked some of the advancements from being
used more readily today. The War changed technology drastically but
the technology changed people´s lives even more.

The Tank

By far the most important invention introduced during the Great War
was the tank. Primitive tanks were introduced for the sole aim of
having protected artillery that could break through the defence line
but as the war progressed the Tank advanced, with larger guns and more
armour. The brains behind it were the caterpillar style wheels, which
could easily manage to move through the muddy, watery fields without
getting stuck. The idea was thought up by a British man in 1916 and
they were first used in battle at of the Somme where forty-nine tanks
were driven into battle unsuccessfully due to the lack of numbers. Yet
in November 1917, 450 tanks rampaged through the enemy line causing
havoc near Cambrai. Soon after that the Germans brought out their
first tank, the "Schwerer Kampfwagen A7V" and instantly the race had
begun to improve them. Here are pictures of the British Mark IV and
the Schwerer Kampfwagen A7V, which were used in Cambrai and the Somme
to blast through the enemy lines, capturing 800 of the enemy and 100
guns in the primary case.

These first tanks had only enough fuel to power them for 8-km due to
the weight and bulk of them but since then they have been improved and
now they can go for well over a hundred miles in one stretch.

The Machine Gun

The Machine Gun has claimed the most lives in World war One although
this is only on hospital counts so the actual amount of people killed
is not certain. However what is certain is that it was...

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